Documents from Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861–1867

Editorial Method and Copyright

The following are selected documents from the volumes of Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation. Like all documents published in Freedom, they are transcriptions (or, in a few cases, images) of originals housed in the National Archives of the United States. They have been transcribed exactly as written, with no correction of spelling, punctuation, or syntax and no editorial supply of absent punctuation. Extra space marks the end of sentences that lack terminal punctuation or are punctuated unconventionally. Inferential readings of illegible or mutilated passages appear in brackets and roman type, [like this]; additions and corrections by the editors appear in brackets and italics, [like this]. Omission of material is indicated by a four-dot ellipsis centered on the line. Place and date lines appear on a single line at the top of each document, regardless of their placement in the manuscript. Inside addresses are omitted. Salutations and complimentary closings are run into the body of the document.

A full discussion of editorial method appears in each volume.

Because of the limitations of HTML and variations among web browsers and viewing devices, the documents presented here will not appear exactly as they do in the volumes of Freedom. For example, paragraphs are not indented but instead are set apart by blank lines. Graphical elements that cannot be reliably rendered online, including braces and wavy vertical lines alongside multi-line headings, have been omitted. In endnotes and footnotes, abbreviations in the editors' text and short titles in citations have been spelled out, so that users will not need to consult each volume's list of abbreviations.

Following each document is a citation to the original in the National Archives, as well as to the transcription published in Freedom.

Material from Freedom and other publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project is under copyright. It may be used without permission for teaching, research, and other noncommercial purposes. It may not be used for profit without permission from the publisher.

Selected Documents

(Arranged Chronologically)